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The Clinical Value of Prenatal 3D Ultrasonic Diagnosis on Fetus Hemivertebra Deformity- A Preliminary Study

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Yanting Wen*, Guishuang Xiang, Xiaoqiu Liang and Xiaoqian Tong   Pages 139 - 142 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Objective: The present study is planned to discuss the clinical value of prenatal 3D ultrasonic diagnosis on fetus hemivertebra deformity through the retrospective analysis of clinical data of fetus hemivertebra deformity.

Methods: Selected 9 fetus hemivertebra deformity cases, which have been admitted to our hospital during the period from January, 2010 to January, 2016 as study samples, and analyzed their 2D and 3D ultrasonic examination data.

Results: 4 cases of the fetus hemivertebra deformity occurred at lumbar vertebra, 3 cases at thoracic vertebra, and 2 cases at thoracolumbar vertebra. There were scoliosis and opened spine bifida (OSB). In 7 cases, there was absence of ribs in fetus. The 2D ultrasonic image showed that: The echo at the center of fetus vertebral arch lesion was blurred or lost. The coronal section showed the deformity of the spine. There was obvious loss of the ossification center. From the cross section, we could see that the vertebral body of the fetus was shrinking and the edges were relatively blurred. The 3D ultrasonic image showed that: the echo at the ossification center of the fetus vertebra was relatively blurred, or even lost. The image also indicated scoliosis deformity of the spine. The vertebral body lesion could be accurately located.

Conclusion: 9 cases of fetus hemivertebra deformity have been detected through examination. Labor inductions have been carried out after getting the permission from the family members. The Xray examination of the fetus after labor induction showed that the diagnosis was correct. Prenatal ultrasonic examination holds strong potential for the diagnosis of fetus hemivertebra deformity quite early and deserves further clinical evaluation with large sample size.

Keywords:

Early diagnosis, fetus hemivertebra deformity, prenatal 3D ultrasonic, lumbar vertebra, OSB, coronal section.

Affiliation:

Ultrasound Department, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan, Ultrasound Department, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan, Ultrasound Department, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan, Ultrasound Department, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan

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