Mikail İnal*, Gokce Simsek, Ahmet Kaya and Rahmi Kilic Pages 194 - 198 ( 5 )
Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate a change in the volume of the frontal and maxillary sinuses in patients with nasal septum deviations due to physical trauma.
Materials and Methods: Paranasal sinus computed tomography data of 100 patients admitted to Kirikkale University medical faculty hospital between November 2013 and June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The side of the nasal septal deviation, the deviation angle, the severity of the deviation, and bilateral frontal and maxillary sinus volumes were calculated using a computer program. The relationship between sinus volumes and deviated septum characteristics was investigated.
Results: The maxillary sinus volumes did not differ between the two genders. However, the female patients had significantly decreased frontal sinus volumes when compared with the male patients (p < 0.05). A right-sided septal deviation was found to be associated with a significantly decreased maxillary sinus volume (p < 0.001), and the severity of the deviation was a significant determinant of the maxillary sinus volume (p < 0.001). The age of the patient at the time of the septal trauma was significantly associated with their maxillary sinus volumes. Patients who had experienced this trauma after 12 years of age had significantly increased maxillary sinus volumes when compared with those who experienced the trauma before the age of 12.
Conclusion: A distorted septal anatomy was found to be a significant parameter for developing paranasal sinuses. Right-sided and severe traumatic deviations with an onset before the age of 12 were significantly associated with a decreased maxillary sinus volume.
Nasal septum, paranasal sinus, computed tomography data, right-sided septal deviation, distorted septal anatomy, maxillary sinus volume.
Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale