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Can We Predict the Sites of the Recurrence of Ovarian Cancer by F-18 FDG PET/CT Depending on CA-125 Level?

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Bulent Turgut*, Esra Ciftci, Seyit Ahmet Erturk, Bulent Cetin, Handan Aker and Zekiye Hasbek   Pages 431 - 437 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Objectives: The purpose of the study is predicting the sites of the recurrence with PET/CT by serum CA-125 level and detecting the cut-off value of CA-125 for metastatic ovarian cancer (OC) in comparison with Fluorine-18 FDG PET/CT.

Materials & Methods: For 38 patients with histological stage III-IV OC, F-18 FDG PET/CT studies (n=59) referred for suspicion of relapsing of OC were conducted. PET/CT images were assessed as positive/negative in 4 categories based on similar location as local recurrence, peritoneal metastasis, lymph node metastases and distant metastases. Patients were divided into five groups according to the levels of CA-125. The results of PET/CT imaging were compared with the level of CA-125.

Results: Recurrence was confirmed in all FDG-PET/CT studies. In 7 of them (11.9%) CA-125 levels were normal (mean: 18.9±5.9) whereas in 52 of them (88%) were high (mean: 433.9±798.3). Moderate but highly significant positive correlation between CA-125 level and the number of metastatic foci detected by PET/CT was found. There was no statistically significant difference between CA-125 level subgroups and metastatic sites. However, the difference between CA-125 levels and location of metastasis was statistically significant only for distant metastasis and peritoneal metastasis with moderate accuracy (71% and %66, respectively).

Conclusion: Since CA-125 has moderate but highly significant positive correlation with the number of metastatic foci, it is important in clinical management of OC patients. However, it may not predict the localization of the recurrence. When suspicious findings were reported at radiodiagnostic techniques in OC patients, FDG-PET is a useful technique for detecting recurrent ovarian carcer regardless of CA-125 level.

Keywords:

Serum CA-125, metastatic ovarian cancer (OC), fluorine-18 FDG PET/CT, peritoneal metastasis, lymph node metastases, distant metastases.

Affiliation:

Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, P.K. 848, 58140, Campus- Sivas, Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas

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