Daniele De Marchi, Alessandra Flori, Nicola Martini and Giulio Giovannetti* Pages 301 - 307 ( 7 )
Background: Cardiac magnetic resonance evaluations generally require a radiofrequency coil setup comprising a transmit whole-body coil and a receive coil. In particular, radiofrequency phased-array coils are employed to pick up the signals emitted by the nuclei with high signal-tonoise ratio and a large region of sensitivity.
Methods: Literature discussed different technical issues on how to minimize interactions between array elements and how to combine data from such elements to yield optimum Signal-to-Noise Ratio images. However, image quality strongly depends upon the correct coil position over the heart and of one array coil portion with respect to the other.
Results: In particular, simple errors in coil positioning could cause artifacts carrying to an inaccurate interpretation of cardiac magnetic resonance images.
Conclusion: This paper describes the effect of array elements misalignment, starting from coil simulation to cardiac magnetic resonance acquisitions with a 1.5 T scanner.
Phased-array coil simulation was performed using the magnetostatic approach; moreover, phantom and in vivo experiments with a commercial 8-elements cardiac phased-array receiver coil permitted to estimate signal-to-noise ratio and B1 mapping for aligned and shifted coil.
Cardiac magnetic resonance, MRI artifacts, phased array coil, coil simulation, signal-to-noise ratio, MRI practice.
Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR - Regione Toscana, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR - Regione Toscana, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR - Regione Toscana, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR - Regione Toscana, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa