Nese Torun*, Asli Muratli, Burcu Dirlik Serim, Alev Ergulen and Gulay Durmus Altun Pages 395 - 404 ( 10 )
Objective: Standard treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer includes total thyroidectomy and high-dose Radioactive Iodine Therapy (RIT) for ablation of remnant thyroid tissue. When administered systemically, RIT can cause radiation-induced damage in non-targeted normal tissues. The aim of the present study was to compare the protective effects of amifostine (AMI), LCarnitine (LC), and Vitamin E (EVIT) against high dose radioactive iodine treatment induced Salivary Gland (SG) damage using SG scintigraphy and histopathological examination.
Methods: Forty adult guinea pigs were studied. Twenty guinea pigs receive 555-660 MBq 131Iodine intraperitoneally (IP) to ablate the thyroid and impair the parenchymal function of the SGs. The animals were divided into eight groups as follows: (1) Group 1 (control): 1 mL IP PS (physiological saline); (2) Group 2: single dose of 200 mg/kg IP AMI one hour prior to 1 mL IP PS; (3) Group 3: 200 mg/kg IP LC and 1 mL IP PS for 10 days; (4) Group 4: 40 mg/kg intramuscular (IM) EVITand 1 mL IP PS for 10 days; (5) Group 5: IP RIT after premedication; (6) Group 6: Single dose of 200 mg/kg IP AMI one hour prior to RIT and IP RIT after premedication; (7) Group 7: IP RIT after premedication and 200 mg/kg IP LC for 10 days starting one day before RIT; and (8) Group 8: IP RIT after premedication and 40 mg/kg IM EVIT for 10 days starting one day before RIT. Scintigraphy was performed 1 month after treatment. SGs were examined by light microscopy and a histopathological scoring system was used to assess the degree of SG damage.
Results: There were significant differences in the body weight and thyroid hormone levels between the groups after treatment.
Conclusion: The individual use of AMI, LC and EVIT for radioprotection yield different levels of protection against radioactive iodine treatment injury in SGs; however, none of the agents could provide absolute protection at the doses administered in this experimental model.
Radioactive iodine therapy, salivary gland, amifostine, L-Carnitine, Vitamin E, thyroid cancer.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Cardiology Institute, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne