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Intracoronary Imaging for Assessment of Vascular Healing and Stent Follow-up in Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

Author(s):

Ioan Florin Ferent, Andras Mester*, Ota Hlinomaz, Ladislav Groch, Michal Rezek, Sitar Jan, Jiri Semenka, Martin Novak and Imre Benedek   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds (BVS) are polymer-based materials implanted in the coronary arteries in order to treat atherosclerotic lesions, based on the concept that once the lesion has been treated, the material of the implanted stent will undergo a process of gradual resorption that will leave, in several years, the vessel wall smooth, free of any foreign material and with its vasomotion restored. However, after the first enthusiastic reports on the efficacy of BVSs, the recently published trials demonstrated disappointing results regarding long-term patency following BVS implantation, which were mainly attributed to technical deficiencies during the stenting procedure. Intracoronary imaging could play a crucial role for helping the operator to correctly implant a BVS into the coronary artery, as well as providing relevant information in the follow- up period. Conclusion: This review aims to summarize the role of intracoronary imaging in the follow-up of coronary stents, with a particular emphasis on the role of intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography for procedural guidance during stent implantation and also for follow-up of bioabsorbable scaffolds.

Keywords:

coronary stents, vascular scaffold, intracoronary imaging, polymer-coated stent, bioresorbable, stent struts

Affiliation:

Department of Cardiology, Laboratory of Advanced Research in Multimodality Cardiac Imaging, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tirgu Mures, Department of Cardiology, Laboratory of Advanced Research in Multimodality Cardiac Imaging, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tirgu Mures, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne`s Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, Department of Cardiology, Laboratory of Advanced Research in Multimodality Cardiac Imaging, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tirgu Mures



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