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Patient Perception of Musculoskeletal MR: A Survey Research

Author(s):

Elena Belloni*, Stefania Tentoni, Mariangela Valentina Puci, Chandra Bortolotto, Olivia Bottinelli, Michaela Cellina, Daniele Gibelli, Cristina Rosti, Giancarlo Oliva, Cristina Montomoli, Lorenzo Preda, Fabrizio Calliada and Paola Scagnelli  

Abstract:


Background: When undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) exams, patients need to lie still in a noisy and enclosed environment for a long time. This condition, together with the anxiety burden related to the possible implications of the scan results, can entail a diagnostic outcome of poor quality.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the personal perception and experience of adult patients undergoing unenhanced musculoskeletal MR.

Method:Consecutive outpatients undergoing unenhanced MR of spine, knee or shoulder were asked to respond a 10-item questionnaire at the end of the exam.

Results: 263 patients (54% males, mean age 50.6 ±15.8 years, range 18-83 years) completed the questionnaire. Patients declared that the most disturbing elements of the exam were forced immobility and noise (30% in both cases). Females perceived significantly higher degree of anxiety than males (56% vs 21%, p<0.001). Exam duration was correctly perceived by 83% of the population. Patients’ satisfaction was generally high (mean above 9 over 10).

Conclusion: Explanations and clarifications given before the exam were considered satisfactory by the patients. Despite some negative aspects such as noise, immobility and anxiety especially in females, patients’ satisfaction with our service was high, as well as the willingness to return.

Keywords:

Magnetic Resonance, musculoskeletal, questionnaire, patient perception, anxiety, organization

Affiliation:

Department of Radiology, Civil Hospital, Vigevano 27029 , Pavia Province, National Research Council, Institute of Applied Mathematics and Information Technologies “Enrico Magenes”, Pavia 27100, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Department of Radiology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Radiology Unit, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milan, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Department of Radiology, Civil Hospital, Vigevano 27029 , Pavia Province, Radiology Unit, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milan, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Department of Radiology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Department of Radiology, Ospedale Maggiore, Lodi



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