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Diagnosis of Renal Diseases Based on Machine Learning Methods Using Ultrasound Images

Author(s):

Guanghan Li, Jian Liu, Jingping Wu, Yan Tian, Liyong Ma, Yuejun Liu, Bo Zhang, Shan Mou and Min Zheng*   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: The incidence rate of renal disease is high which can cause end-stage renal disease. Ultrasound is a commonly used imaging method, including conventional ultrasound, color ultrasound, elastography etc. Machine learning is a potential method which has been widely used in clinical.

Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of different ultrasonic image measurement parameters for kidney diseases, and to compare different machine learning methods with human-reading method.

Methods: 94 patients with pathologically diagnosed renal diseases and 109 normal controls were included in this study. The patients were examined by conventional ultrasound, color ultrasound and shear wave elasticity respectively. Ultrasonic data were analyzed by Support vector machine (SVM), random forest(RF), K-nearest neighbor (KNN) and artificial neural network (ANN), respectively, and compared with the human-reading method.

Results: Only ultrasound elastography data have diagnostic value for renal diseases. The accuracy of SVM, RF, KNN and ANN methods are 80.98%,80.32%,78.03%and79.67% respectively, while the accuracy of human-reading is 78.33%. In the data of machine learning ultrasound elastography, the elastic hardness parameters of renal cortex are most important.

Conclusion: Ultrasound elastography is of highest diagnostic value in machine learning for nephropathy,the diagnostic efficiency of machine learning method is slightly higher than that of human-reading method, and the diagnostic ability of SVM method is higher than other methods.

Keywords:

Renal disease, ultrasound image, diagnosis, machine learning, elastography, support vector machine.

Affiliation:

Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, School of Information Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai, 264209, School of Automation, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, 150080, Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, Department of Nephrology, Molecular Cell Laboratory for Kidney Disease, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200127, Shanghai, Ultrasound Medical Department, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029



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