Shahla Zameer, Ayesha Shamim Siddiqui and Ramish Riaz* Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Stoke is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The prognosis of stroke depends upon the area affected and early treatment. Time is of the essence in the care of stroke patients as it is estimated that approximately 1.9 million neurons, 14 billion synapses, and 12 km myelinated nerve fibers are lost per minute. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment are necessary. The primary goal of imaging in acute stroke is to diagnose the underlying cause, estimate the area affected, predict response towards thrombolytic therapy and to exclude the conditions mimicking stroke. With advancements in radiology, multiple imaging modalities are available for diagnosis and predicting prognosis. None of them is considered alone to be perfect. In this era of multimodality imaging, the decision of choosing appropriate techniques depends upon purpose and availability. Non-Contrast Computed Tomography is time effective, and helps in excluding other causes, Trans Cranial Doppler is time-effective, and cost-effective with wide availability, however is operator dependent and less sensitive. It holds a great future in sonothrombolysis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is so far considered to be the most superior one in terms of early diagnosis, planning for interventional treatment and predicting the response of treatment. However, is limited due to high cost and lack of availability. The current review gives a detailed account of all imaging modalities available for imaging stroke and their associated pros and cons.
Stroke, Imaging, Perfusion Imaging, Transcranial Doppler, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography.
Department of Radiology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Department of Radiology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Department of Radiology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad