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Artery of Percheron Infarction: A Characteristic Pattern of Ischemia and Variable Clinical Presentation: A Literature Review

Author(s):

Osama Kheiralla*, Salem Alghamdi, Rowa Aljondi, Abdulrahman Tajaldeen and Adel Othman Bakheet   Pages 1 - 6 ( 6 )

Abstract:


The Artery of Percheron (AOP) is an uncommon anatomic variant that provides arterial supply to the paramedian region of the thalami and bilaterally to the rostral part of the midbrain; it is a solitary arterial trunk that branches from a proximal segment of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). Although AOP infarction results in a characteristic pattern of ischemia—namely bilateral paramedian thalamic infarct with or without midbrain involvement— it may cause diagnostic difficulties due to the variety of its clinical presentations and wide differentials, as well as its small diameter and the difficulty of obtaining visualization through diagnostic imaging. Early neuroimaging of AOP infarction and correct diagnosis are mandatory for early initiation of the appropriate treatment and better patient outcomes. In this study, we discuss imaging the patterns of AOP infarction, as well as its differentials and clinical presentation.

Keywords:

Artery of Percheron, Infraction, Paramedian, Thalamus, Midbrain, Posterior Cerebral Artery.

Affiliation:

Radiological Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Department of Applied Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Department of Applied Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Radiological Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Radiological Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University



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