Manju Devi, Sukhdip Singh and Shailendra Tiwari*
Aims and scope: Computed Tomography (CT) is one of the most efficient clinical diagnostic tools. The main goal of CT is to reproduce an acceptable reconstructed image of an object (either anatomical or functional behaviour) with the help of a limited set of its projections at different angles.
Background: To achieve this goal, one of the most commonly iterative reconstruction algorithm called Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization (MLEM) is used.
Objective: Although the conventional Maximum Likelihood (ML) algorithm can achieve quality images in CT. However, it still suffers from the optimal smoothing as the number of iterations increase.
Methods: For solving this problem, in this paper present a novel statistical image reconstruction algorithm for CT, which utilizes a nonlocal means fuzzy complex diffusion as a regularization term for noise reduction and edge preservation.
Results: The proposed model was evaluated on four test cases phantoms.
Conclusion: Qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate that the proposed technique has higher efficiency for computed tomography. The proposed method yields significant improvements when compare with the state-of-the-art techniques.
Computed tomography, maximum likelihood, noise reduction, fuzzy logic, nonlocal means, complex diffusion.
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Haryana,, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Haryana,, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology (TIET), Patiala, Punjab