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An Investigation Using Specific Absorption Rate Analysis to Diagnose Early- stage Breast Tumor using UWB Antenna

Author(s):

Rahul Krishnan* and Jobin Christ M.C   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Aims: This work was focused on the detection of early-stage breast tumors and their location.

Background: The most frequently seen disease progression and mortality in women's lives is Breast Cancer. Because of breast cancer/tumors, the risk of mortality for women has risen exponentially. From the 2020 deadline for breast cancer, women who died from carcinoma were 123.8 cases per lac women between 2006-2010. This problem is also overcome by the early identification of the tumor using different detection procedures like X-ray mammography, computerized tomography, ultrasound imaging technique, Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), microwave imaging. Researchers carried out multiple studies in these areas.

Objective: To detect early-stage breast tumors and their location using SAR analysis. Methods: The major dielectrical difference between cancerous breast tissues and normal tissues in this technique is the microwave frequency range. The term Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) describes the amount of energy which is absorbed (W/kg) in the breast tissue. This segment illustrates the usefulness to diagnose the tumor position in the breast by means of maximum SAR value coordinates. Changes in breast and tumor size are important for the risk of diagnosis. The power absorbed in connecting with a normal breast and a tumor breast is measured and equivalent for different breast masses. The maximum SAR is also analyzed at distinct tumor locations at various frequency ranges.

Results: It is observed that max SAR coordinates are very close to the actual tumor location. So, the maximal value of SAR coordinates indicates the existence of a tumor in the breast phantom.

Conclusion: The simulated data above strongly suggests that the Max SAR values were higher in the breast phantom with tumor as compared to the breast without tumor. With different tumor radius (3 mm and 5 mm) analyzed with different resonant frequencies like 3GHz, 4GHz and 5GHz at the actual tumor location of (0, 0, 35). Even though a model representing the real properties of breast tissue is required to assess the validation of any imaging process, so the real-time development of an equivalent breast phantom and its execution is needed.

Keywords:

UWB, antenna, breast tumor, SAR, location, MRI.

Affiliation:

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Rajalakshmi Institute of Technology, Chennai, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai



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