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Coronavirus Disease 2019: Hysteresis Effect of Chest CT and the Correlation with its Severity

Author(s):

Kui Li*, Wei Wang, Lei Wu, Changwu Zhao, Zicheng Jiang, Shengxi Liu and Tao Li  

Abstract:


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors for chest CT hysteresis and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: The chest CT data of patients with confirmed COVID-19 in 4 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. An independent assessment was performed by one clinician using the DEXIN FACT Workstation Analysis System, and the assessment results were reviewed by another clinician. Furthermore, the mean hysteresis time was calculated according to the median time from progression to the most serious situation to improve chest CT in patients after fever relief. The optimal scaling regression analysis was performed by including variables with statistical significance in univariate analysis. In addition, a multivariate regression model was established to investigate the relationship of the percentage of lesion/total lung volume with lymphocyte and other variables.

Results: In the included 166 patients with COVID-19, the average value of the most serious percentage of lesion/total lung volume was 6.62, of which 90 patients with fever had an average hysteresis time of 4.5 days after symptom relief, with a similar trend observed in those without fever. Multivariate analysis revealed that lymphocyte count in peripheral blood and transcutaneous oxygen saturation decreased with the increase of the percentage of lesion/total lung volume.

Conclusion: There is a hysteresis effect in the improvement of chest CT image relative to fever relief in patients with COVID-19. The pulmonary lesions may be related to the severity as well as decreased lymphocyte count or percutaneous oxygen saturation.

Keywords:

Coronavirus infections, COVID-19, digital radiography, CT scan, lymphocytes, transcutaneous oximetry.

Affiliation:

Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankang Central Hospital, 85 South Jinzhou Road, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi Province, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankang Central Hospital, 85 South Jinzhou Road, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi Province, Department of Endocrinology, Zhushan People's Hospital, Zhushan County, Shiyan 442200, Hubei Province, Department of Pediatric, Suixian People's Hospital, Suixian County, Suizhou 431500, Hubei Province, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankang Central Hospital, 85 South Jinzhou Road, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi Province, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankang Central Hospital, 85 South Jinzhou Road, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi Province, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankang Central Hospital, 85 South Jinzhou Road, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi Province



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