Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


A Developing Anterior Mediastinal Mass In A Breast Cancer Patient : Thymic Hyperplasia

Author(s):

Nilgün Güldoğan, Aykut Soyder, Ebru Yılmaz and Aydan Arslan*  

Abstract:


Introduction: True thymic hyperplasia following chemotherapy have been described mostly in children.There are a few cases of thymus hyperplasia have been reported in breast cancer patients . Diagnosis of this unusual entity is very crucial to pretend unnecessary surgery or interventional diagnostic procedures.

Case Presentation: We report a case of thymus hyperplasia in a patient who was operated and treated with adjuvant chemotherapy for stage 2 breast cancer two years ago. In the follow-up CT scans an anterior mediastinal mass was noted. Radiologic evaluation and follow up revealed thymus enlargement.

Discussion: Thymic hyperplasia following chemotherapy have been described in both children and adults, but occurs mostly in children and adolescents treated for lymphoma and several other types of tumors. Few cases are reported in literature describing thymus hyperplasia following chemotherapy in a breast cancer patient.

Conclusion: Radiologists must be aware of this unusual finding in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy to guide the clinicians appropriately in order to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention, additional invasive diagnostic procedures, or chemotherapy.

Keywords:

Breast cancer, thymic hyperplasia, chemotherapy, CT, imaging

Affiliation:

Department of Radiology, Zonguldak Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Zonguldak, Department of Radiology, Zonguldak Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Zonguldak, Department of Radiology, Zonguldak Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Zonguldak, Department of Radiology, Zonguldak Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Zonguldak



Full Text Inquiry