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Is Proximal Tibia Sufficient for Accurate Measurement of Tibial Slope Angles on Three-dimensional Tomography-based Anatomical Models?

Author(s):

Oğuzhan Tanoğlu*, İzzet Özay Subaşı, Mehmet Burak Gökgöz and Gökhun Arıcan   Pages 1 - 6 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Tibial slope measurements performed using only the proximal part of tibia ignore the native tibial anatomical axis. Our first aim is to measure the native medial, lateral and total tibial slope angles of gender groups using the whole tibial anatomical axis on computerized tomography-based three-dimensional anatomical models. The second aim is to determine the correlation between proximal and whole tibial anatomical axis for measurement of medial, lateral, and total tibial slope angles.

Methods: We randomly selected 100 females and 100 males between 18-60 years of age. Three-dimensional anatomical models of right and left tibia were created. The gender-specific differences of medial, lateral, and total tibial slope angles according to proximal and whole tibial anatomical axis were measured. Correlation coefficients (r) of medial, lateral, and total tibial slope angles measured with proximal and whole tibial anatomical axis were calculated.

Results: The mean age was 47.1 years. A statistically significant difference was observed between female (7.1 ± 3) and male (8.2 ± 2.5) groups in terms of mean lateral tibial slope angles according to the whole tibial anatomical axis (p=0.008). A strong correlation between proximal and whole tibial anatomical axis for all tibial slope angle measurements was detected.

Conclusion: The method we determined for 3D measurement of medial, lateral and total tibial slope angles using proximal tibial anatomical axis has a strong correlation with slope angles measured in accordance with the whole tibial anatomical axis. Our 3D tibial slope angle measurement method on the proximal tibia has high reliability and could be used in the daily practice.

Keywords:

Three-dimensional imaging, unicondylar knee arthroplasty, ACL injury, total knee arthroplasty, computer-assisted image processing, osteotomy, anatomical models, tomography.

Affiliation:

Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Sivas Numune Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Sivas Numune Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology



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