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The Value of Low-dose Prospective Dual-energy Computed Tomography with Iodine Mapping in the Diagnosis of Gastric Cancer

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Lifeng Wang, Xingxing Jin, Zhenguo Qiao*, Bin Xu and Jiaqing Shen*   Pages 433 - 437 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Objectives: This study investigated the radiation dose and value of prospective dualenergy computed tomography (DECT) in the diagnosis of gastric cancer.

Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for computed tomography (CT) for preoperative staging were divided into two groups. Thirty patients (Group A) underwent a single contrast-enhanced abdominal CT acquisition using a dual-source mode (100 kV/140 kV). Weighted average images of the two-kilovolt acquisitions and iodine maps were created. The remaining 30 patients underwent a standard CT scan (Group B). Two observers performed a blinded read of the images for gastric lesions, evaluating the image quality and recording effective dose.

Results: During the blinded read, observers found 90% (27/30) of the cancers in both groups. The mean imaging quality scores were 2.1±0.9 for Group A, and 2.3±1.1 for Group B. The effective mean doses were 6.59±0.59 mSv and 25.86±0.44 mSv for Groups A and B, respectively. Compared with the control group (B), the imaging quality in the low-dose group decreased a little, but the radiation dose substantially decreased by 74.6%.

Conclusion: The new DECT technique is valuable for examining gastric cancer patients. The dualkV scan mode can substantially reduce radiation dose while preserving good diagnostic image quality.

Keywords:

Computed tomography (CT), radiation dose, diagnosis, gastric cancer, patients, DECT.

Affiliation:

Department of Intervention, The First People's Hospital of Wujiang District, Suzhou, Department of Gastroenterology, the First People's Hospital of Yancheng, Yancheng, Department of Gastroenterology, The First People's Hospital of Wujiang District, Suzhou, Department of Intervention, The First People's Hospital of Wujiang District, Suzhou, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou

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