Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Cardiovascular Risk Prediction using JBS3 Tool: A Kerala based Study

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 10 ]


Paulin Paul *, Noel George and B. Priestly Shan*   Pages 1300 - 1322 ( 23 )


Background: Accuracy of Joint British Society calculator3 (JBS3) cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment tool may vary across the Indian states, which is not verified in south Indian, Kerala based population.

Objectives: To evaluate the traditional risk factors (TRFs) based CV risk estimation done in Kerala based population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study uses details of 977 subjects aged between 30 and 80 years, recorded from the medical archives of clinical locations at Ernakulum district, in Kerala. The risk categories used are Low (<7.5%), Intermediate (≥7.5% and <20%), and High (≥20%) 10-year risk classifications. The lifetime classifications are Low lifetime (≤39%) and High lifetime (≥40%) are used. The study evaluated using statistical analysis; the Chi-square test was used for dependent and categorical CV risk variable comparisons. A multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis for the 10-year risk and odds logistic regression analysis for the lifetime risk model identified the significant risk variables.

Results: The mean age of the study population is 52.56±11.43 years. With 39.1% in low, 25.0% in intermediate, and 35.9% has high 10-year risk. Low lifetime risk with 41.1%, the high lifetime risk has 58.9% subjects. The intermediate 10-year risk category shows the highest reclassifications to High lifetime risk. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistics indicates a good model fit.

Conclusion: Timely interventions using risk predictions can aid in appropriate therapeutic and lifestyle modifications useful for primary prevention. Precaution to avoid short-term incidences and reclassifications to a high lifetime risk can reduce the CVD related mortality rates.


Cardiovascular disease, JBS3, CVD Kerala, risk stratification, 10-year CVD risk, lifetime CVD risk.


Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Department of Biostatistics, St. Thomas College, Pala, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, School of Electrical, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Galgotias University, Delhi

Graphical Abstract:

Read Full-Text article