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Optimized Radial Basis Neural Network for Classification of Breast Cancer Images

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

G. M. Rajathi*   Pages 97 - 108 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: Breast cancer is a curable disease if diagnosed at an early stage. The chances of having breast cancer are the lowest in married women after the breast-feeding phase because the cancer is formed from the blocked milk ducts.

Introduction: Nowadays, cancer is considered the leading cause of death globally. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females. It is possible to develop breast cancer while breast-feeding a baby, but it is rare. Mammography is one of the most effective methods used in hospitals and clinics for early detection of breast cancer. Various researchers are used in artificial intelligence- based mammogram techniques. This process of mammography will reduce the death rate of the patients affected by breast cancer. This process is improved by the image analysing, detection, screening, diagnosing, and other performance measures.

Methods: The radial basis neural network will be used for classification purposes. The radial basis neural network is designed with the help of the optimization algorithm. The optimization is to tune the classifier to reduce the error rate with the minimum time for the training process. The cuckoo search algorithm will be used for this purpose.

Results: Thus, the proposed optimum RBNN is determined to classify breast cancer images. In this, the three sets of properties were classified by performing the feature extraction and feature reduction. In this breast cancer MRI image, the normal, benign, and malignant is taken to perform the classification. The minimum fitness value is determined to evaluate the optimum value of possible locations. The radial basis function is evaluated with the cuckoo search algorithm to optimize the feature reduction process. The proposed methodology is compared with the traditional radial basis neural network using the evaluation parameter like accuracy, precision, recall and f1-score. The whole system model is done by using Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) with the adaptation of 2018a since the proposed system is most efficient than most recent related literature.

Conclusion: Thus, it concluded with the efficient classification process of RBNN using a cuckoo search algorithm for breast cancer images. The mammogram images are taken into recent research because breast cancer is a major issue for women. This process is carried to classify the various features for three sets of properties. The optimized classifier improves performance and provides a better result. In this proposed research work, the input image is filtered using a wiener filter, and the classifier extracts the feature based on the breast image.

Keywords:

Breast cancer, radial basis function, optimization, cuckoo search, F1-score, classification, cancer imaging net.

Affiliation:

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

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