Filippo Boriani*, Edoardo Raposio and Costantino Errani Pages 179 - 196 ( 18 )
Musculoskeletal tumors of the hand are a rare entity and are divided into skeletal and soft tissue tumors. Either category comprises benign and malignant or even intermediate tumors. Basic radiology allows an optimal resolution of bone and related soft tissue areas, ultrasound and more sophisticated radiologic tools such as scintigraphy, CT and MRI allow a more accurate evaluation of tumor extent. Enchondroma is the most common benign tumor affecting bone, whereas chondrosarcoma is the most commonly represented malignant neoplasm localized to hand bones. In the soft tissues, ganglions are the most common benign tumors and epithelioid sarcoma is the most frequently represented malignant tumor targeting hand soft tissues. The knowledge regarding diagnostic and therapeutic management of these tumors is often deriving from small case series, retrospective studies or even case reports. Evidences from prospective studies or controlled trials are limited and for this lack of clear and supported evidences, data from the medical literature on the topic are controversial, in terms of demographics, clinical presentation, diagnosis, prognosis and therapy. The correct recognition of the specific subtype and extension of the tumor through first line and second line radiology is essential for the surgeon, in order to effectively direct the therapeutic decisions.
Hand tumors, hand oncology, hand primary tumors, musculoskeletal tumors, enchondroma, MRI.
Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Sanremo Hospital, Sanremo, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Methodologies (DISC), University of Genova, Genova, Department of Musculo-Skeletal Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna