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Detection of Ureteral Stones in Kidney Ureter Bladder Radiography: Usefulness of Digital Post-Processing

Author(s):

Sang Lim Choi, Sung Bin Park*, Seungwook Yang, Eun Sun Lee, Hyun Jeong Park, Jong Beum Lee and Byung Ihn Choi   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Purpose: Kidney, ureter, and bladder radiography (KUB) has frequently been used in suspected urolithiasis, but its performance is known to be lower than that of computed tomography (CT). This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of digitally KUB in the detection of ureteral stones.

Materials and Methods: Thirty patients who underwent digital KUB and CT were included in this retrospective study. The original digital KUB underwent post-processing that involved noise estimation, reduction, and whitening in improving the visibility of ureteral stones. Thus, 60 digital original or post-processed KUB images were obtained and ordered randomly for blinded review. After a period, a second review was performed after unblinding stone laterality. The detection rates were evaluated at both initial and second reviews, using CT as a reference standard. The objective (size) and subjective (visibility) parameters of ureteral stones were analyzed. Fisher’s exact test was used to compare the detection sensitivity between the original and post-processed KUB data set. Visibility analysis was assessed with a paired t-test. The correlation of stone size between CT and digital KUB data sets was assessed with the Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: The detection rate was higher for most reviewers once stone laterality was provided and was non-significantly better for the post-processed KUB images (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in stone size among CT and digital KUB data sets. In all reviews, visibility grade was higher in the post-processed KUB images, irrespective of whether stone laterality was provided.

Conclusion: Digital post-processing of KUB yielded higher visibility of ureteral stones and could improve stone detection, especially when stone laterality was available. Thus, digitally post-processed KUB can be an excellent modality for detecting ureteral stones and measuring their exact size.

Keywords:

Diagnosis, abdominal, radiography, X-Ray computed, tomography, spiral computed, tomography, urolithiasis.

Affiliation:

Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Samsung Electronics, Suwon, Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul



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